Areas of Specialization: Ethics, Social-Political Philosophy, Metaphysics.

Areas of Competence: Cognitive Science, Philosophy of Science.

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University of Tampa

Associate Professor of Philosophy (tenured) - March 2018-present.

Department Chair - June 2018-present.

Assistant Professor of Philosophy (tenure-track) - 2015-18.

Assistant Professor of Philosophy (non-tenure-track) - 2009-15.

University of British Columbia

Assistant Professor without Review (non-tenure-track) - 2008-9.



University of Arizona - PhD in Philosophy, Cognitive Science Minor, December 2008.

    - Dissertation: "A Non-Ideal Theory of Justice."

    - Committee: Thomas Christiano, Gerald Gaus, Michael Gill.

Syracuse University - PhD program, 1999-2001.

Tufts University - B.A. in Philosophy and Psychology/Clinical, Magna Cum Laude​, 1998.


  1. (2020). Neurofunctional Prudence and Morality: A Philosophical Theory. Routledge.

  2. (2016).  Rightness as Fairness: A Moral and Political Theory. Palgrave Macmillan.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications

  1. Forthcoming. Jury Theorems for Peer-Review. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science [w/Remco Heesen & Liam Kofi Bright].

  2. Forthcoming. Two New Doubts about Simulation ArgumentsAustralasian Journal of Philosophy [w/Micah Summers].

  3. Forthcoming. Educational Justice and School BoostingSocial Theory and Practice.

  4. Forthcoming. From Rational Self-Interest to Liberalism: A Hole in Cofnas’s Debunking Argument of Moral Progress. Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.

  5. 2022. Panpsychism and A.I. ConsciousnessSynthese [w/Corey J. Maley].

  6. (2021). The Normative Stance. The Philosophical Forum.

  7. (2019). Nonideal Justice as Nonideal FairnessJournal of the American Philosophical Association.

  8. (2019). The Dark Side of Morality: Group Polarization and Moral EpistemologyThe Philosophical Forum.

  9. (2018). Mental Time-Travel, Semantic Flexibility, and A.I. Ethics. A.I. & Society.

  10. (2016). A Refutation of the Lewis-Stalnaker Analysis of Counterfactuals. Metaphysica.

  11. (2015). How to Rationally Approach Life's Transformative ExperiencesPhilosophical Psychology.

  12. (2014). First Steps Toward a Nonideal Theory of JusticeEthics & Global Politics.

  13. (2014). A Unified Explanation of Quantum Phenomena? The Case for the Peer-to-Peer Simulation Hypothesis as an Interdisciplinary Research Program. The Philosophical Forum.

  14. (2014). Justice as Fairness in a Broken World. Philosophy and Public Issues.

  15. (2014). Why Hobbes Cannot Limit the Leviathan: A Critical Commentary on Larry May's Limiting Leviathan. Hobbes Studies.

  16. (2014). A Better, Dual Theory of Human Rights. ​The Philosophical Forum.

  17. (2013). Groundwork for a New Moral EpistemologyKlesis.

  18. (2013). A New Theory of Free WillThe Philosophical Forum.

  19. (2013). A Lot More Bad News for Conservatives, and a Little Bit of Bad News for Liberals? A Follow-up StudyNeuroethics.

  20. (2013). Bad News for Conservatives? Moral Judgments and the Dark Triad Personality Traits: A Correlational StudyNeuroethics​.

  21. (2012). Unifying the Categorical ImperativeSouthwest Philosophy Review​.

  22. (2012). Reconceptualizing Human RightsJournal of Global Ethics.

  23. (2011). People Do Not Have a Duty to Avoid Voting Badly: Reply to BrennanJournal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.

  24. (2009). In Defense of Discretionary Association Theories of Political Legitimacy: Reply to BuchananJournal of Ethics and Social Philosophy​.

Publications in Edited Collections

  1. (2021). The Original Position. In Philosophy Illustrated: 40 thought experiments to broaden your mind. Helen De Cruz (ed.), Oxford University Press.

  2. (2021). Morality as an Evolutionary Exaptation. In J. De Smedt & H. De Cruz & (eds.), Empirically Engaged Evolutionary Ethics, Springer – Synthese Library.

  3. (2018). Humans and Hosts: What's the Difference?, in Westworld and Philosophy, Wiley-Blackwell, Chapter extract featured at

  4. (2017). The Rationality of Voting and Duties of Elected Officials. In Ethics in Politics: The Rights and Obligations of Individual Political Agents (Routledge).​

Encyclopedia Entries

  1. (2020). Transformative ExperiencesInternational Encyclopedia of Ethics.

Invited Publications

  1. (2013). Nonideal Justice and a Decent Health Care Minimum. APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Medicine.

Publications in Popular Press

  1. (2015). "The Peer-to-Peer Simulation Hypothesis and a New Theory of Free Will", Scientia Salon.

Book Reviews

  1. (2020). Assessing empirically based ethics: James Davison Hunter and Paul Nedelisky: Science and the good: the tragic quest for the foundations of morality. New Haven: Templeton Press and Yale University PressMetascience.

  2. (2019). Mark Silcox, A Defense of Simulated Experience: New Noble Lies, Routledge. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.

  3. (2019). T.M. Scanlon, Why Does Inequality Matter?, Oxford: OUP. Australasian Journal of Philosophy [Book Note].

  4. (2019). Michael Goodhart, Injustice: Political Theory for the Real World, Oxford: OUP. Political Theory.

  5. (2019). Reflections on a Future of Sex With Robots (Review of J. Danaher & N. McArthur [eds.], Robot Sex: Social and Ethical Implications, Cambridge: MIT Press), Metascience.

  6. (2018). James Griffin, What Can Philosophy Contribute to Ethics?, Oxford: OUP. Journal of Moral Philosophy.

  7. (2017). Experimental Philosophy and the Fate of the Philosopher’s Armchair. review of Jennifer Nado [ed.], Advances in Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Methodology (Bloomsbury), Metascience.

  8. (2016). Review of L.A. Paul, Transformative Experience (OUP). Australasian Journal of Philosophy.

  9. (2014). Review of C.A.J. Coady, ​Messy Morality: The Challenge of Politics (OUP). Mind.

  10. (2012). Review of Michael Freeman, ​Human Rights, 2nd Edition. Teaching Philosophy.

Awards and Other Distinctions

2021-22. Research Innovation and Scholarly Excellence (RISE) Award, Faculty Grant, University of Tampa (project title: ‘Prudence, Morality, and Justice: A Unified Theory of Business Ethics’).

2017. Excellence in Teaching Award, College of Arts & Letters, University of Tampa.

2015. Co-winner, Joseph Ellin Memorial Prize for Best Paper, 9th Annual Meeting of the Lighthearted Philosophers’ Association.

2014. Charm Quark Winner (third-place), 3 Quarks Daily Philosophy Blogging Award (judged by Huw Price).

2012. Selected Participant, NEH Summer Seminar, "Liberty, Equality, and Justice: Philosophical Problems in Domestic and Global Contexts", Washington University in St. Louis.

2010. Selected Participant, Yale Experiment Month Initiative - sponsored by the APA, coordinated by Yale Cognitive Science.